ON THIS DAY
On July 10, 1940, during World War II, the 114-day Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces began attacking southern England by air. By late October, Britain managed to repel the Luftwaffe, which suffered heavy losses.
Luftwaffe (German pronunciation: [ˈlʊftvafə] ( listen)) is the aerial warfare branch of the German Armed Forces. The term luftwaffe is also the generic German term for an air force and it is the name of both the Wehrmacht air force as well as the post-World War II Bundeswehr air force.
The first Luftwaffe was founded in 1935 with many of its leaders having served in the World War I-era Luftstreitkräfte which had been disbanded under the term of the Treaty of Versailles. After the defeat of the Third Reich the Luftwaffe was disbanded in 1946. A new Bundeswehr Luftwaffe was founded in 1956 and remains as the German air force to the present day.