Philosophy, Politics and Economics or Politics, Philosophy, and Economics (often abbreviated to PPE but known as social studies at Harvard) is a popular interdisciplinary degree which combines study from the three disciplines. It is most strongly associated with the University of Oxford – the institution that first offered the degree – but is increasingly being offered at universities elsewhere in the United Kingdom (including the Open University) and around the world including Canada, Israel, New Zealand, Iceland, and the United States.
PPE was established in Oxford in 1920 as a modern alternative to Classics (known as Greats) because it was thought that a course in Philosophy and Ancient History was no longer relevant for those entering the civil service. It was thus initially known as Modern Greats. It was also the first opportunity for students to study philosophy at Oxford without having to learn Ancient Greek or Latin and hence sparked a huge growth in the number of students studying philosophy at Oxford. The University of York was the first university to introduce a one-year PPE postgraduate programme (MA PPE).
 Course material
The design of the programme emanates from the view that to understand social phenomena one must approach them from several complementary disciplinary directions and analytical frameworks. In this regard, the study of philosophy is considered important because it both equips students with meta-tools such as the ability to reason rigorously and logically, and facilitates ethical reflection. The study of politics is considered necessary because it acquaints students with the authoritative structures that govern society and help solve collective action problems. Moreover, the study of political science is thought to put students in a position to evaluate the choices political systems and regimes regularly make. Finally, studying economics is seen as vital in the modern world because political decisions often concern economic matters, and government decisions are often influenced by economic events. Additionally, the analytical framework of economics (the rational actor model) is an important approach to studying social phenomena and, as such, students ought to be familiar with it.
 Notable people with PPE degrees from Oxford
PPE has traditionally been a programme pursued by those seeking a career in politics or public life – with quite a few subsequently achieving it. Oxford's notable PPE graduates include:
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