"England expects that every man will do his duty."
Reenactment of the Battle of Trafalgar
Who is the Trafalgar honored in London's Trafalgar Square? Trafalgar wasn't a who, but a what: it refers to the Battle of Trafalgar that took place in Cape Trafalgar, on the southwest coast of Spain, on this date in 1805. In a decisive show of Britain's superiority on the seas, a British fleet of 27 ships defeated the combined fleets of France and Spain, which totaled 33 ships. Admiral Horatio Nelson led the charge that broke through the center of the French line, capturing 20 of the boats. No British ships were lost. Nelson, however, was shot and killed by a French sniper. The severe defeat convinced Napoleon not to invade England.