倫敦政經學院接受英國政府委託，進行長達16個月的調查，2010年公布「英國經濟不平等解剖報告」（An Anatomy of Economic Inequality in the UK）。報告指出，2007到2008年，英國的收入不平等創下自第二次世界大戰以來最嚴重紀錄，收入在全國前10%的家庭，年收入至少85萬3000英 鎊（約新台幣4000萬元），而收入最低的10%，年收入僅8800英鎊，貧富的差距近100倍。
英國研究種族平等的智庫「The Runnymede Trust 」政策研究主任歐瑪汗（Omar Khan）指出，英國少數族裔的財富普遍低於白人。根據就業與養老金部門的報告，60%的黑人及南亞人家庭沒有任何儲蓄，33%的白人家庭則都有儲蓄。
雪菲爾大學教授多林（Danny Dorling），在所著的「不公正：為何社會不公平持續存在」（Injustice: Why Social Inequality Persists）一書指出，倫敦是西方國家中，貧富差距最嚴重的城市。
他指出，倫敦1/10最有錢的人，平均財富達93萬 3563英鎊，較最貧窮的1/10市民的3420英鎊，幾乎達 273倍。
Rising energy bills causing fuel poverty deaths
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Thousands of people die each year from illnesses linked to fuel poverty, according to an independent report.
Professor John Hills has called for a new definition of the problem, which focuses on people with low incomes driven into poverty by high fuel bills.
His report found that in 2004, fuel-poor households faced a shortfall of £256 to heat their homes and avoid poverty, but in 2009 it was £402.
Recent bill increases may make the problem worse this year, he warned.Fuel poverty gap
Fuel poverty gap
The government commissioned Prof Hills to examine how serious a problem fuel poverty is and how it should be measured.
He argues that fuel poverty poses serious public health and environmental issues.
His report is the first to measure the shortfall that some households face in heating their homes, which he calls the fuel poverty gap.
Further increases in bills since then are likely to have widened this gap, he warned.Deaths
The report argued this shortfall had serious implications for health.
There are 27,000 extra deaths in the UK each winter compared to other times of year, according to figures from the Office of National Statistics. The report found most of this was due to cold weather.
That figure is one of the highest in Europe and worse than Finland, the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Norway and France.
Prof John Hills
There are people dying, maybe more people die each year than on the roads”
Prof Hills drew on a seperate independent report - the Marmot review - which found that about one-fifth of these additional winter deaths occurred in the coldest quarter of homes, with further evidence suggesting a link between fuel poverty and cold homes.
And an expert meeting of the World Health Organization suggested that about half of winter deaths are due to cold indoor rather than cold outdoor temperatures.
This meant, the Hills report concluded, that an estimated 2,700 people die each year because of health conditions, such as respiratory infections or cardiovascular problems, linked to fuel poverty.
"It's a very serious problem," said Prof Hills. "There are people dying, maybe more people dying each year than die on the roads, it's a problem of hardship for low-income families who are having to pay out more when they've got hard-to-heat houses and it's a problem for countering climate change."
Low-income households are unable to invest in energy efficiency measures, hindering efforts both to reduce their bills and to lower UK carbon emissions.Changing definition
However, Prof Hills found that the way we define fuel poverty may need to change.
By the old definition, a household was defined as being in fuel poverty if 10% of its income was spent on fuel each year.
The latest figures from the Department of Energy and Climate change suggested four million English households fitted into this category in 2009, in a sharp increase from 1.2 million in 2003.
Estimates from the Centre for Sustainable Energy suggest that number has risen to 5.5 million for England and an estimate of 6.6 million for the UK.
But Prof Hills suggests the current definition did not focus tightly enough on fuel poverty.
Instead, he suggested people be defined as fuel-poor only if their bills were relatively high and if paying those bills would push them below the poverty line.
Derek Lickorish Fuel Poverty Advisory Group
Insulating the homes of the poor is the only long term and sustainable solution”
That would mean that in 2009, fewer people were classed as fuel-poor - 2.7 million in England.
However, the problem appears less variable, with roughly the same number categorised as fuel poor in 2003, more than double the estimate for that period on the current definition.Government measures
The government says it is already taking measures to tackle the issue.
It has recently announced the Warm Homes Discount on energy bills, which includes reductions of about £120 to the poorest pensioners in addition to winter fuel payments.
Energy suppliers are also obliged to offer free or reduced packages on home insulation to some high-risk groups, using money recouped from a charge on energy bills.
However, some government measures, such as the Warm Front Scheme designed to help insulate low-income homes, are due to end next year.
Derek Lickorish, chair of the Government's Fuel Poverty Advisory Group (FPAG), called the figures for the number of deaths due to fuel poverty a "disgrace".
"Insulating the homes of the fuel poor is the only long-term and sustainable solution to solving this problem, but they will need financial help to make this happen and this takes time. Urgent action must start today," he said.
An opposition debate on fuel bills is due to take place on Wednesday.