Fawkes, Guy (Guido) (1570-1606). Fawkes was born in York in a family of protestant ecclesiastical lawyers, but became a catholic. In 1604 Robert Catesby and his fellow-conspirators, despairing of obtaining relief for the catholics from James I, brought Fawkes into their plot to blow up the king and Parliament and proclaim the Princess Elizabeth. Fawkes was put in charge of a cellar which they hired directly under the House of Lords. His task was to light the slow fuse to ignite the gunpowder. After a warning letter to Lord Mounteagle, the cellar was searched and Fawkes taken. He faced torture in the Tower with great coolness but confessed after hearing that his fellow-plotters were captured, and was executed at Westminster on 31 January 1606.