2011年9月2日 星期五

Howards End / Queen's Theatre

  1. In Long Acre. This building, erected in 1849, was known originally as St Martin's Hall, and was used on a number of occasions by Charles Dickens reading from his own works. In 1867 it was converted into the second largest theatre in London, and in 1868 Henry Irving and Ellen Terry appeared together for the first time in Katharine and Petruchio, Garrick's version of The Taming of the Shrew. When Ellen Terry returned to the stage after some years in retirement she was seen at the Queen's as Philippa in Reade's The Wandering Heir (1873). In spite of changing its name to the National Theatre in 1877 the theatre had little further success and finally closed in 1879.
  2. In Shaftesbury Avenue. It is the sister theatre of the present Globe Theatre, which it adjoins, the auditoriums and stages of the two playhouses being separated only by a party wall. With a seating capacity of 1,160 in three tiers it opened in 1907, and had its first success a year later with a musical The Belle of Brittany. Fashionable tango-teas were held in 1913, and in 1914 the theatre did well with Glass and Klein's Potash and Perlmutter. Among later productions were Fagan's And So to Bed (1926) with Yvonne Arnaud and the Malvern Festival production of Shaw's The Apple Cart (1929) with Edith Evans. In the following year John Gielgud repeated his Old Vic triumph as Hamlet, and other successful productions were Besier's The Barretts of Wimpole Street (1930), Knoblock's Evensong (1932), and Robert Morley's Short Story (1935). In 1937–8 Gielgud returned with a season of four plays. He was also in Dodie Smith's Dear Octopus (1938), which was still running when the theatres closed on the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. The Queen's had reopened and was occupied by Daphne Du Maurier's Rebecca when on 24Sept.1940 it was badly damaged by bombs. It did not reopen until 1959, after the complete restoration of the front-of-house, the first production being Gielgud's solo recital The Ages of Man. Later came The Aspern Papers, adapted from Henry James's novel, Bolt's The Tiger and the Horse (1960), both with Michael Redgrave, and Anthony Newley in his own musical Stop the World—I Want to Get Off (1961). In 1964 there was a revival of Chekhov's The Seagull with Peggy Ashcroft and Vanessa Redgrave. Noël Coward made his last appearance on the stage in his Suite in Three Keys (1966), and Peter Ustinov's Halfway up the Tree (1967) had a long run. Alan Bennett's Getting On was seen in 1971, and Maggie Smith in 1972 in a revival of Coward's Private Lives. The National Theatre production of De Filippo's Saturday, Sunday, Monday moved there in 1974, and in 1975 Alan Bates starred in Simon Gray's Otherwise Engaged. In 1977 Alan Ayckbourn's Just between Ourselves had a comparatively short run, but Alan Bennett's The Old Country, starring Alec Guinness, was more successful. Tom Courtenay gave a brilliant performance in 1980 in the title-role of Ronald Harwood's The Dresser, and in the following year another play by Simon Gray, Quartermaine's Terms, received high praise. Later productions were Julian Mitchell's Another Country (1982), The Seagull, again with Vanessa Redgrave, in 1985, the musical Wonderful Town in 1986, and Alan Bennett's double bill Single Spies (1989). (, HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE, and SCALA THEATRE.)

小說比3D 報導更能進入狀況
Howards End 某章談到音樂會.....


Howards End (1910) is an ambitious "condition-of-England" novel concerned with different groups within the Edwardian middle classes represented by the Schlegels (bohemian intellectuals), the Wilcoxes (thoughtless plutocrats) and the Basts (struggling lower-middle-class aspirants).

It is frequently observed that characters in Forster's novels die suddenly. This is true of Where Angels Fear to Tread, Howards End and, most particularly, The Longest Journey.

著名的小說就叫"Howard's End"(中文譯本叫做《綠苑春濃》,聯經出的),書名中的Howard是姓氏,End是宅第的名稱,通常位置在一條街道的盡頭, ...
end 角
  • The outside or extreme edge or physical limit; a boundary: the end of town.
  • (面をもつものの)端の部分, 境界(線), 周辺地域, はずれ

    The monument to Forster in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, near Rooks Nest where Forster grew up and on which he based the setting for his novel Howards End. The area is now known as Forster Country.

    One of the best Ismail Merchant/James Ivory films, this adaptation of E. M. Forster's classic 1910 novel shows in careful detail the injuriously rigid British class consciousness of the early 20th century. The film's catalyst is "poor relation" Margaret Schlegel (Emma Thompson), who inherits part of the estate of Ruth Wilcox (Vanessa Redgrave), an upper-class woman whom she had befriended. The film's principal characters are divided by caste: aristocratic industrial Henry Wilcox (Anthony Hopkins); middle-echelon Margaret and her sister Helen (Helena Bonham Carter); and working-class clerk Leonard Bast (Sam West) and his wife (Nicola Duffett). The personal and social conflicts among these characters ultimately result in tragedy for Bast and disgrace for Wilcox, but the film's wider theme remains the need, in the words of the novel's famous epigram, to "only connect" with other people, despite boundaries of gender, class, or petty grievance. Filmed on a proudly modest budget, Howards End offers sets, spectacles, and costumes as lavish as in any historical epic. Nominated for 9 Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director, the film took home awards for Thompson as Best Actress, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala's adapted screenplay, and Luciana Arrighi's art direction. ~ Hal Erickson, Rovi