Britain 英國風 The Island Race
George Cruikshank 1792-1878
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(27 September 1792 – 1 February 1878) was a British caricaturist and book illustrator, praised as the "modern Hogarth" during his life.
in 1792: caricaturist George Cruikshank. Here he satirises the English court
Inconveniences of a Crowded Room
, an etching
England, AD 1818
A scene which satirizes English royal society
In this coloured
etching Cruikshank (1792-1878) makes fun of the English Court. The scene is set in Buckingham House (now Palace) during one of the last formal receptions given by Queen Charlotte, wife of George III (reigned 1760-1820), for members of the aristocracy and the officers in the military. It is dated 6 May 1818, shortly before the Queen's death.
A contemporary described the scene: There was 'an immense crowd … much confusion. Everyone wished to get first into the presence of royalty, much rushing and squeezing took place, loud shrieks were heard and several ladies fainted'. The men are shown in gold-laced court dress or dress uniforms. When they meet the ladies in their wide-hipped dresses delightful chaos results. The climax is in the centre of the doorway. The entire mass of the bulky woman is focused on the point of her left foot. She lands forcibly on the foot of the gouty and equally large man. A crowd around them enjoys their painful discomfort. The cream of fashionable Society has become a scrum of bitching grotesques.
Cruikshank succeeded Gillray as Britain's most important satirist and caricaturist. The morals of Society, the private life of the notorious Prince Regent (son of George III and Queen Charlotte) and many other aspects of contemporary Britain were all exposed and attacked in Cruikshank's merciless scenes.
George Cruikshanks life, times
(Cambridge, Lutterworth Press, 1992)
M. Wynn Jones,
George Cruikshank: his life an
(London, Macmillan, 1978)
The caricatures of George Crui
(Gordon Fraser, 1977)